Reaching Balance

nature vs nurture

Friday | March 11th 2022

Reaching Balance

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Every day, life is about maintaining balance, and health is no exception.
Our bodies, wisely designed, are a perfect machine, complex and singular, that need to have every variable to be completely adjusted in order to secure its harmonious functioning.
In a constantly changing external environment, all of our vital mechanisms, although quite different from each other, have a primary function of ensuring body homeostasis.
The rational search for the stability of life is, after all, also organic. It’s an adverse and oscillating path but, in the end, after the dynamic and harmonious action of several interconnected physiological processes, it is definitely rewarding.

Ted Dinan

Ted Dinan, MD PhD

Geneticist and Principal Research Associate at MRC Metabolic Diseases Unit
Scientific Director of the Genomics and Transcriptomics Core at the University of Cambridge
British Dietetic Association’s Honorary President

Before being a Professor of Psychiatry and Researcher at University College Cork, Professor Ted Dinan was Chair of Clinical Neurosciences and Professor of Psycological Medicine at St. Bartholomew’s Hospital, London and was also a Senior Lecturer in Psychiatry at Trinity College Dublin. Professor Dinan’s main research interest is the role of the gut microbiota in influencing brain function and development, particularly in regard to Depression and Irritable Bowel Syndrome. In 1995 he was awarded the Melvin Ramsey Prize for his research into the biology of stress. He has published over 450 papers and numerous books on the pharmacology and neurobiology of affective disorders.

Jason Gill, PhD

Jason Gill, PhD

Professor of Cardiometabolic Health, University of Glasgow
Associate Academic of the Institute of Health and Wellbeing
Associate Academic of the School of Life Sciences

Reader in Exercise and Metabolic Health, Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Dr. Jason Gill leads a multi-disciplinary research group that investigates the effects of exercise and diet on the prevention and management of vascular and metabolic diseases. He is particularly interested in understanding why certain population groups appear to be particularly susceptible to the adverse effects of a “westernised” lifestyle and how lifestyle interventions can modulate this excess risk. Jason Gill is a member of the development groups for the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) guidelines for prevention of metabolic diseases. He is also Director of the MSc programme in Sport and Exercise Science & Medicine and plays an active role in communicating Science.

Gary Butler, MD FRCPCH

Consultant in paediatric and adolescent medicine and endocrinology at University College Hospital London
Honorary Personal Chair in Clinical Paediatrics at the UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health

Professor Gary Butler was given the European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology Outstanding Clinician Award in 2020 as a result of his clinical expertise and significant national and international developments in the clinical practice of paediatric endocrinology. He is actively involved in the European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology (ESPE) as a member of the Executive Council and Chairman of the Clinical Practice Committee (2009-2016) producing international guidelines for improving standards of care in particular on congenital hypothyroidism. He is currently Chair of the Gender Incongruence Working Group. He is also the clinical lead for the UK adolescent Gender Identity Development Service, taking an international lead in the standards of care for transgender children and adolescents.


Maria Raquel Carvalho, MD

Endocrinologist at CUF hospital

Professor Maria Raquel Carvalho completed her medical degree in the Faculty of Medicine of the Lisbon University, specializing in Endocrinology. Between 2013 and 2018 coordinated the Obesity Consultation in Hospital Santa Maria and from 2016 and 2018 the Endocrinology and Pregnancy Consultation in the same hospital. Professor Maria Carvalho currently works at CUF Hospital in Lisbon and is a member of the Portuguese Society of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, the Portuguese Society of Endocrinology, and the Endocrine Society.

Scientific Committee
João Jácome de Castro, MD
Director of the Portuguese Society of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Director of Militar Health at the Forças Armadas Hospital
Member of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD), European Thyroid Association (ETA), European Society of Endocrinology and the American Society of Endocrinology
Portugal representative at the Committee of the Chiefs of Military Medical Services in NATO
Catarina Sousa Guerreiro, RD PhD
Masters Degree in Clinical Nutrition and Doctorate in Nutrition in the field of Nutrition and Genes in Intestinal Disorders
Associate Professor at the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Lisbon
Coordinator of the Bachelor’s degree in Nutrition Sciences at the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Lisbon
José Camolas, RD PhD
Masters Degree in Clinical Nutrition and Doctorate in Metabolic Diseases and Eating Disorders
Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Medicine of University of Lisbon and Egas Moniz Cooperative of Higher Education
Vice-President of the Board of the Order of Nutritionists